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6th World Congress on Alternatives & Animal Use in the Life Sciences
-Review progress made toward the 3Rs-

Vol.14, Special Issue
March 31, 2008

Page 1-177
 Page 179-327
 Page 329-507
 Page 509-668
 Page 669-809

Page 1-177

  1. Professor W.M.S. Russell (1925-2006): Doyen of the Three Rs
    M. Balls, 1-7.
  2. Three Rs in mutation reserch --From in vivo to in silico evaluation--
    M. Hayashi, 9-13.
  3. Exploring new approaches to assess safety without animal testing
    J. Fentem, P. Carmichael, G. Maxwell, C. Pease, F. Reynolds, G. Warner and C. Westmoreland, 15-20.
  4. Alternative research and practice supported by international veterinary professionals
    J. M.-A. Clark, 21-27.
  5. The science of alternatives: 25 years and tomorrow
    A. M. Goldberg, 29-36.
  6. A UK example of balanced inquiry into the ethics of animal experimentation
    Baroness Perry of Southwark, 37-40.
  7. Mission and accomplishments of ZEBET, the national centre for alternatives in Germany at the BfR (Federal Institute for Risk Assessment)
    H. Spielmann, B. Grune, M. Liebsch, A. Seiler and R. Vogel, 41-46.
  8. Standards for the rearing environment of laboratory animals in the United States
    K. Bayne, 47-50.
  9. Standards of accommodation and care for animals used in scientific procedures in Europe
    D. B. Anderson, 51-55.
  10. The Standards of the rearing environment for laboratory animals in Japan
    H. Hachisu, 57-59.
  11. Animal rights in Islam
    R. Gharebaghi, M. R. V. Mahdavi, H. Ghasemi, A. Dibaei and F. Heidary, 61-63.
  12. An investigation in the use of forage grains for laboratory rats
    M. Rowntree, 65-67.
  13. Collaboration between academia and industry with focus on improvement of the welfare of both animals and humans in laboratory animal facilities
    J. L. Ottesen, L. F. Mikkelsen, T. Bertelsen, T. Krohn, S. Velschow, J. Hau, H. Møllegaard, N. Dragsted and A. K. Hansen, 69-71.
  14. A holistic approach to taking research animal suffering seriously
    M. Stephens and K. Conlee, 73-78.
  15. Fetal 'awareness' and 'pain': What precautions should be taken to safeguard fetal welfare during experiments?
    D. J. Mellor, T. J. Diesch, A. J. Gunn and L. Bennet, 79-83.
  16. The development of a national guideline to promote the wellbeing of animals used for scientific purposes
    E. Grant, D. Adams, S. Atkinson, S. Bain, M. Bate, L. Bonning, W. Fahy, D. Noonan and M. Rose, 85-89.
  17. Tramadol minimizes potential pain during post-oophorectomy in Wistar rats
    M. A. Guzman-Silva, C. E. Pollastri, J. A. S. Pantaleão, A. C. B. de Carvalho, H. N. Henriques, N. R. Camara, J. T. Pacheco and G. T. Boaventura, 91-92.
  18. Does distress matter?
    J. M.-A. Clark, 93-95.
  19. Innovative refinements to anaesthesia techniques can deliver pain research without pain
    C. B. Johnson, J. Murrell, T. J. Gibson and D. J. Mellor, 97-100.
  20. Why does carbon dioxide produce analgesia?
    K. Otsuguro, S. Yasutake, Y. Yamaji, M. Ban, T. Ohta and S. Ito, 101-106.
  21. Implementation of permanent group housing for cynomolgus macaques on a large scale for regulatory toxicology studies
    J. Kelly, 107-110.
  22. Chimpanzees in research and testing worldwide: Overview, oversight and applicable laws
    K. M. Conlee, 111-118.
  23. Chimpanzee experiments: Questionable contributions to biomedical progress
    A. Knight, 119-124.
  24. Systematic reviews of animal experiments demonstrate poor human utility
    A. Knight, 125-130.
  25. Promoting consideration of the ethical aspects of animal use and implementation of the 3Rs
    B. T. Reed and M. Jennings, 131-135.
  26. Effect of policy decisions on experimental animal use in the UK
    D. Fry, 137-140.
  27. Genetically modified animals in the biomedical sciences: The challenge of rapid advances & ethical demands
    M. Rose, E. Grant and D. Adams, 141-144.
  28. Pain-free animals: An acceptable refinement?
    R. M. Gardener and A. M. Goldberg, 145-149.
  29. Facilitation of an international approach for data sharing and acquisition in relation to genetically-engineered animals
    G. Griffin and C. Gauthier, 151-156.
  30. The institutional animal care committee: Keystone of international harmonization
    C. Gauthier, 157-161.
  31. A review of trends in animal use in the United States (1972-2006)
    J. Kulpa-Eddy, M. Snyder and W. Stokes, 163-165.
  32. Does regulation drive, manage or monitor change?
    J. Richmond, 167-170.
  33. An analysis of reporting pain and distress recognition and alleviation in scientific journal publications
    L. M. Gomez and K. M. Conlee, 171-177.

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