Peer to Peer Interaction Promotes Implementation of the Three Rs and Harmonization of Animal Care and Use Programs

Kathryn Bayne

Global Director and Director of Pacific Rim Activities, AAALAC International, MD 21703 USA

AATEX 15(1):1-5, 2010

A key approach to harmonizing animal care and use standards throughout the world is through the application of knowledge gained from peers. A peer can be defined as one that is of equal standing with another, especially one belonging to the same societal group (Merriam-Webster dictionary) or, more specific to this discussion, a colleague who shares the same experiences or works in a similar field of science. Peer interactions occur at scientific meetings, through collaborations, through the publication of research data, and through institutional systems of review of animal care and use practices and procedures that encompass internal and/or external expertise. The dissemination of information derived from peers regarding current good standards of practice and refinements to existing procedures leads to a harmonization strategy that is grounded in quality science, considers ethical issues, and is performance-based.

key words: Three Rs, harmonization, laboratory animal, peer interaction


(AATEX: Altern. Animal Test. EXperiment.: Alternatives to Animal Testing and EXperimentation)