INFLUENCE OF THE LIGHTING SCHEDULE ON THE TOXICITY OF DOXORUBICIN IN CHICK EMBRYOS

YUJI YOSHIYAMA1, TAKASHI SUGIYAMA2, HIROYUKI MIYAZAKI2, HIDEYO SHIMADA2 and SHIGEHIRO OHDO3
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Kyoritsu College of Pharmacy, 1-5-30, Shibakoen, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105 Japan; 2Department of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kitasato University, 9-1, Shirokane 5 Chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108 Japan; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacokinetics, Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School, Kyushu University, 3-1-1, Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812 Japan

Original:AATEX 4(2):55-61

Abstract
In the present study, we evaluated the toxicities of doxorubicin (ADR) in chick embryos using electrocardiograms (ECGs). The influences of the lighting schedule on the toxicities of ADR were then studied in these embryos. Fertilized eggs of White Leghorns were incubated and investigated on two occasions under a constant-light condition and a constant-dark condition. ADR (125, 250, 500 and 1000 g) was injected into the air sac of each fertilized egg on the 16th day of incubation. ECGs were recorded after the injection.
Under the constant-dark condition, the lowest dose of ADR showed the maximum increase in the heart rate (HR). The HR decreased relative to the dose of ADR. Arrhythmias were induced at the highest dose. In contrast, no significant changes were observed with any doses except at 1000 g under the constant-light condition. The effects of 1000 g were similar to those under the constant-dark condition.
These findings indicate that the manipulation of the lighting schedule has a marked influence on the toxicity of ADR in chick embryos.


Key words: doxorubicin, chronopharmacology, lighting schedule, electrocardiograms, chick embryos.


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