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From president
Dr. Hajime Kojima
President of the Japanese Society for Alternatives to Animal Experiments
(National Institute of Health Sciences)
  Dr. Kojima  Dr. Kurosawa 
Having been selected to serve as the 13th president of the JSAAE at our 25th Annual Meeting, I, Hajime Kojima, am honored to begin my term as of January 1, 2013. I look forward to your support and promise to maintain the high standards set by my capable predecessors.
The JSAAE is an association of scientific professionals who are dedicated to promoting research, development, training, and public awareness of alternatives to animal testing and the principle of the Three Rfs. For more than a quarter of a century, JSAAE has built a reputation both in Japan and around the world for sponsoring significant professional activities, including our annual meetings and an international conference in Tokyo in 2007. We are particularly proud of the fact that our annual meetings, where presentations of the latest findings from state-of-the-art research are on a world-class level, draw as many as 500 professionals each year. Japanese researchers are highly regarded for their diligence and teamwork, yet a general lack of awareness in Japan about the benefits provided by alternatives to animal testing means that, in contradistinction to Europe, the rest of the world does not often learn of new developments from Japan. JSAAE is now working to form ties with like-minded organizations, to increase opportunities for Japanese researchers to promote their findings, and to gain greater worldwide recognition of Japanfs efforts in this field.
A great many JSAAE activities focus on scientific research into means for replacement of animal testing with alternative methods, so naturally cooperating with other organizations that promote research and development in this area, particularly with regard to advancing the use of in silico techniques, will always be an important part of our activities. And while reduction and refinement have not always received the emphasis that they deserve, now is the time to renew our efforts to advance understanding and awareness of our achievements in these areas, as well. Thus, promoting the Three Rfs necessitates collaboration with others performing research into or providing support for the welfare of laboratory animals.
There are many other topics that deserve mention in this short space, but in closing let me just reiterate how much I look forward to serving as JSAAE president for the next two years and thank you all for supporting JSAAE and its endeavors.

The Japanese Society for Alternatives to Animal Experiments works to promote the Three Rfs: Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement
Replacement refers to adopting scientific methods that employ inanimate materials rather than sentient animals such as vertebrae. This includes both partial replacement, in which cell cultures, tissue, or organs from animals are used, as well as complete replacement, in which scientific objectives are achieved without the use of animals.
Reduction refers to decreasing the number of animals used in scientific research while maintaining an equivalent level of useful information. It can also refer to using an identical number of animals to obtain an even higher level of useful information.
Refinement refers to modifying how animals are treated during experiments to lessen, minimize, or eliminate pain and distress as well as to otherwise enhance animal welfare. In this context, refinement of distress is something that can be achieved across the entire lifespan of the animal, from rearing and transport through experimentation and death.

Dr. Hajime Kojima
President of the Japanese Society for Alternatives to Animal Experiments
(National Institute of Health Sciences)

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